laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic Procedure ( DR. P. JOHN MATHEW MS, FMAS is on the extreme right)

OP TIMINGS :SATURDAY and SUNDAY 4:00pm to 5:30pm.

Laparoscopic surgery is also known as “Key Hole Surgery” and refers to surgical procedures that involve a video camera and fine instruments. Small incisions called Ports or Cannulae of up to half an inch are made and plastic tubes placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments are then introduced through the ports which allow for a live examination and direct access to the inside of the patient.

Laparoscopic procedures have a great many applications that can be diagnostic or surgical. The diagnostic procedures allow for a live examination of the peritoneal cavity via digital camera. Since the surgeon or physician can avail of images that are magnified by a factor of ten times, the resulting clarity is very helpful. DR. P. JOHN MATHEW MS, FMAS is the Consulting Laparoscopic Surgeon at St. Thomas Hospital. The most common applications of Laparoscopy (in addition to the diagnostic function) are for Appendectomies, Gall bladder surgery, Inguinal Hernia’s and Gynecological procedures.

Over the years, several developments in medicine and surgery had made great strides forward possible. While Laparoscopic surgery was practiced on dogs as early as in 1902, it was the development of the solid state camera in 1982 that made video Laparoscopy possible. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon sees through the video camera inside the patient’s body to perform the operation.

The benefits of minimally invasive surgical procedures are

  • Less post-operative discomfort since surgical incisions are much smaller
  • Quicker recovery times and hence shorter hospital stays and an earlier return to full activities
  • Much smaller scars
  • There may also be less internal scarring when procedures performed are minimally invasive fashion.

Laparoscopy (keyhole) is a surgical procedure which uses a special surgical instrument called a laparoscope to look inside the body or to perform certain operations. The common surgeries using this technique are given below.

Common uses

  • Removal of the gallbladder.
  • Removal of the appendix.
  • Removal of patches of endometriosis.
  • Removal of parts of the intestines.
  • Female sterilization.
  • Treating ectopic pregnancy.
  • Taking a biopsy of various structures inside the abdomen, which can be looked at under the microscope and/or tested in other ways.

Common procedures

  • Myomectomy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Cholecystectomy
  • Appendicectomy
  • Hernia Repair